Science Studies Reading List

General Review

  1. Croissant, W. Bauchspies and S. Restivo, Science, Technology and Society: A Sociological Approach (Blackwell, 2005).
  2. Hackett, Ed., et al. 2007. Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. MIT Press 3rd edition.
  3. Hess, D. Science Studies, New York: NYU Press, 1997.
  4. Jasanoff, S., G. Markle, J.C. Petersen, and T. Pinch (eds), Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1993. 2nd edition.
  5. Restivo, S. Science, society, and Values: Toward a Sociology of Objectivity. Lehigh, 1993.
  6. Shapin, Steve. The Scientific Revolution. Chicago, 1996.
  7. Sismundo, S., J. Introduction to Science and Technology Studies (Blackwell, 2003).
  8. Social Studies of Science, Special issue on "Postcolonial technosciences," 32/6 (December 2002).

Handbooks & Encyclopedias

  1. Jasanoff, Sheila, Gerald E. Markle, James C. Petersen, and Trevor Pinch, Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, Revised edition (Sage, 1995).
  2. Restivo, Sal, editor in chief, Oxford Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Society (Oxford University Press, 2005).
  3. Spiegel-Rosing, Ina and Derek de Solla Price (eds.), Science, Technology and Society: A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective (Sage, 1977).

(Institutional) Sociology of Science

  1. Ben David, J. The Scientist's Role in Society. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1971. Esp. Ch. 14: Scientific Growth.
  2. Ben David, J. and Collins, R. Social Factors in the Origins of a New Science: The Case of Psychology. American Sociological Review 31: 451-65, 1966.
  3. Bourdieu, Pierre. 2004. Science of science and reflexivity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Part II. "A World Apart").
  4. Cole, S. Making Science. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992. "Ch. 7: Is Science Universalistic?" and "Ch. 8: Conceptualizing and Studying Particularism in Science."
  5. Crane, Diana. The Gatekeepers of Science: Some Factors Affecting the Selection of Articles of Scientific Journals. American Sociologist 2: 195-201, 1967 [or her book Invisible Colleges]
  6. Griffith, B. and N.C. Mullins. Coherent Groups in Scientific change. Science 177: 959-963. Or Mullins, N. The Development of a Scientific Speciality Minerva 10:52-82, 1972.
  7. Hagstrom, Warren. The Scientific Community. New York: Basic Books, 1965. Ch. 1 "The Social Control of Science"
  8. J. Scott Long and Mary Frank Fox, "Scientific Careers: Universalism and Particularism." Annual Review of Sociology 21(1995): 45-71.
  9. Merton, R. Sociology of Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973 (chs. on norms, Puritan spur, Matthew effect, and reward system).
  10. Mitroff, I. I. Norms and Counternorms in a Select Group of the Apollo Moon Scientist: A Case Study of the Ambivalence of Scientists. American Sociological Review 39: 579-95, 1974.
  11. Montoya, Michael. "Beyond the Scientific Pipeline: Toward a Pluralistic Science for the 21st Century." MS available from
  12. Price, Derek de Solla. 1986 Little Science, Big Science and Beyond. New York: Columbia University Press.

Sociology of Scientific Knowledge and Political Sociology of Science

  1. Barnes, B. Interests and the Growth of Knowledge. London: Routledge, 1977.
  2. Barnes, B. and S. Shapin. Natural Order. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1979. Articles by Barnes and MacKenzie, Shapin.
  3. Brown, Phil. 2007. Toxic Exposure: Contested Illnesses and the Environmental Health Movement. Columbia University Press. Esp. Ch. 1: Citizen-Science Alliances and Health Social Movements: Contested Illnesses and Challenges to the Dominant Epidemiological Paradigm.
  4. Clarke, Adele, Theresa Montini. 1993. The Many Faces of RU486: Tales of Situated Knowledges and Technological Contestations. Science, Technology, and Human Values. 18: 42-78.
  5. Collins, H.M. Changing Order. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1985. "Ch. 4: Detecting Gravitational Radiation: The Experimenters' Regress."
  6. H.M. Collins, Robert Evans. 2002. The Third Wave of Science Studies: Studies of Expertise and Experience. Social Studies of Science. 32: 235-296.
  7. Collins, H.M. Changing Order. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1985.
  8. Croissant, J. and S. Restivo, "Science, Social Problems, and Progressive Thought: Essays on the Tyranny of Science." In Leigh Star (ed.), Ecologies of Knowledge. Albany: SUNY Press, 1994.
  9. Doing, Park. 2007. "Give Me a Laboratory and I will Raise a Discipline." In Hackett et al. Handbook of Science and Technology Studies.
  10. Epstein, Steve. Impure Science. U. of California Press, 1996. [Introduction and conclusion]
  11. Fleck, L. Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1979 (1935).
  12. Frickel, Scott, and Kelly Moore. 2005. The New Political Sociology of Science. U Wisconsin.
  13. Gieryn, Thomas. 1994. Boundaries of Science. In Jasanoff et al. Handbook of Science and Technology Studies.
  14. Hess, David. 2007. Alternative Pathways in Science and Industry. MIT Press. (First 3 chapters).
  15. Hessen, B. The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's Principia. In P.G. Wersky (ed.), Science at the Crossroads. London: Cass, 1971/1931.
  16. Kleinman, Daniel. 2003. Impure Cultures. U Wisconsin Press. Ch. 3: Traversing the Conceptual Terrain.
  17. Kleinman, Daniel, and Vallas, Steven. 2001. "Science, Capitalism, and the Rise of the 'Knowledge worker': The Changing Structure of Knowledge Production in the United States." Theory and Society 30: 451-492.
  18. Knorr-Cetina, Karin. 1999. Epistemic cultures. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  19. Knorr-Centina, K. and M. Mulkay (eds.) Science Observed. Beverly Hills: Sage, 1983 (Chs. by Restivo and Chubin, Colins and Pinch, Knorr-Cetina, Latour, Yearly et al).
  20. Latour, B., and S. Woolgar. Laboratory Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986 (not 1979).
  21. Latour, B. Science in Action. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987.
  22. Moore, Kelly. 2008. Disrupting Science. Princeton University Press.
  23. Mulkay, M. Norms and Ideology in Modern Science. Social Science Information 15: 637-56, 1976.
  24. Nelkin, Dorothy 1995 Selling Science: How the Press Covers Science and Technology.
  25. Gibbons, Michael, Camille Limoges, Helga Nowotny, Simon Schwartzman, Peter Scott, and Martin Trow. 1994. The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. London: Sage.
  26. Nowotny, Helga, Peter Scott, and Michael Gibbons. 2003. "Mode Two Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge." Minerva 41(3): 179+17.
  27. Pickering, Andrew. 1995. The mangle of practice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  28. Restivo, S. Mathematics in Society and History. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992
  29. Scott, Pam, Evelleen Richards, and Brian Martin. 1990 "Captives of Controversy: The Myth of the Neutral Social Researcher in Contemporary Scientific Controversies." Science, Technology, and Human Values 15(4): 474-494.
  30. Susan Leigh Star, James R. Griesemer. 1989. Institutional Ecology, `Translations' and Boundary Objects: Amateurs and Professionals in Berkeley's Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907-39. Social Studies of Science 19: 387-420.
  31. Woolgar, Steve (ed.) Knowledge and Reflexivity: New Frontiers in the Sociology of Knowledge. Sage, 1988.

History of Science: Europe

  1. Bagioli, Mario, Galileo Courtier. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
  2. Dear, Peter. Discipline and Experience.
  3. Dudin, Barbara. Woman beneath the Skin.
  4. Forman, P. Weimar Culture: Causality and Quantum Theory, 1918-27. In Russell McCormick (ed.), Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences. Philadelphia: University of Pa. Press.
  5. Galison, Peter, and David J. Stump, The Disunity of Science. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.
  6. Harwood, Jonathan. Styles of Scientific Though: The German Genetics Community, 1930-1933. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
  7. Jacob, M. The Cultural Meaning of the Scientific Revolution. New York: Knopf, 1988.
  8. Lightman, Bernard ed. 1997 Victorian Science in Context. U Chicago.
  9. Merchant, Carolyn 1980 The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and the Scientific Revolution. Harper and Row.
  10. Schiebinger, L. The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of the Scientific Revolution.
  11. Shapin, S., and Schaffer. Leviathan and the Air Pump. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.

History of Science: U.S.

  1. Clarke, Adele E. 1998 Disciplining Reproduction: Modernity, American Life Sciences, and the Problems of Sex. U Cal Press.
  2. Forman, Paul. "Beyond Quantum Electronics." Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 1987 18: 149-229.
  3. Galison, Peter. Image and Logic. Harvard University Press. Introduction and ch. on physics and the war.
  4. Gilbert, Scott. Cellular Politics: Goldschmidt, Just, and the Attempt to Reconcile Embryology and Genetics. The American Development of Biology. Ed. By K. Benson, J. Maeinschein, and R. Rainger. New Brunswick: Rutgers U. Press.
  5. Heims, Steve. 1991 Constructing a Social Science for Post-War America. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  6. Kevles, Daniel. 1997. The Physicists. Cambridge: Harvard.
  7. Kevles, Daniel. The Code of Codes.
  8. Larson, Edward J. Sex, Race, and Science: Eugenics in the Deep South. Baltimore, MD. Johns Hopkins University Press. 1995.
  9. Leslie, Stuart. The Cold War and American Science. New York: Columbia University Press.
  10. Manning, Kenneth R. 1985. Black Apollo of science: The life of Ernest Everett Just. New York: Oxford University Press.
  11. Merchant, Carolyn. Ecological Revolutions: Nature, Gender, and Science in New England. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1989.
  12. Noble, David. America by Design. New York: Oxford, 1977.
  13. Reingold, Nathan. Science American Style. New Brunswick: Rutgers, 1991.
  14. Rosenberg, Charles. No Other Gods. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1997. Ch. 14.
  15. Spanier, Bonnie. Impartial Science. Bloomington, IN: Indiana U Press, 1995.
  16. Starr, Paul. 1984 The Social Transformation of American Medicine. Basic.
  17. Terry, Jennifer. An American Obsession: Science, Medicine, and Homosexuality in Modern Society. Chicago: U Chicago Press. 1999.

Science and Its Others

  1. Abrahim, Itty. 1998. The Making of the Indian Atomic Bomb: Science, Secrecy and the Postcolonial State.
  2. Albanese, Denise. 1996. New Science, New World. Duke.
  3. Bartch, Ingrid. Feminist Science Studies Reader.
  4. Epstein, Steven. 2007. Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research. University of Chicago Press.
  5. Goonitilake, Susantha. Global Science: Mining Civlizational Knowledge, Bloomington, IN: Indiana U Press, 1998.
  6. Graham, Loren. 1998. What Have We Learned About Science and Technology from the Russian Experience? Stanford.
  7. Haraway, Donna. Primate Visions. New York: Routledge, 1989 (chs. 1,10-15).
  8. Haraway, Donna. Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium Routledge, 1997.
  9. Harding, Sandra. The Racial Economy of Science.
  10. Harding, Sandra. 2008. Sciences from Below. Duke University Press.
  11. Hess, David. Science and Technology in a Multicultural World. [chs. 1-5]
  12. Hoberman, J. (1997). Darwin's athletes: How sport has damaged Black America and preserved the myth of race. New York: Houghton Mifflin. Hoose, P. (1989).
  13. Irwin, Alan and Brian Wynne. 1996. Misunderstanding Science? The Public Reconstruction of Science and Technology. Cambridge.
  14. Irwin, Alan 1995 Citizen Science : A Story of People, Expertise and Sustainable Development. Routledge.
  15. Keller, E.F. Reflections on Science and Gender. Chs. on Bacon, McClintock.
  16. Keller, E.F. Making Sense of Life. 2002.
  17. Lansing, J. Stephen. Priests and Programmers: Technologies of Power in the Engineered Landscape of Bali. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
  18. Lee, Baker. Savage to Negro: Anthro and the construction of Race, 1896-1954. Berkeley, CA: UC Press, 1998.
  19. McNeil, Maureen, and Claudia Castaneda, eds. 2005 Special Issue on Postcolonial Technoscience. Science as Culture 14(2): 105-201.
  20. Nasr, Seyeed Hossein. 1993. The Need for a Sacred Science. SUNY.
  21. Nelkin, Dorothy. 1995. Selling Science: How the Press Covers Science and Technology. revised edition Freeman and Co.
  22. Nandy, Ashis. Science, Hegemony, and Violence. 1983.
  23. Restivo, S. "Joseph Needham and the Comparative Sociology of Chinese and Modern Science." Research in Sociology of Knowledge, Sciences, and Art. Vol.3 Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press.
  24. Rose, Hilary. Love, Power, Knowledge. Bloomington, IN: Indiana U Press, 1994.
  25. Rossiter, Margaret. The Mathew {Matilda} Effect in Science. Social Studies of Science 23: 325-41, 1993.
  26. Traweek, Sharon. Border Crossings. In Pickering, Science as Practice and Culture.
  27. Visvanathan, Shiv. 1997. Carnival for Science. New York: Oxford University Press.

Philosophy of Science

  1. Boyd, Richard. Philosophy of Science. [General introduction only, section introductions and chapters as desired].
  2. Cartwright, Nancy. 1983. How the laws of physics lie. Oxford University Press.
  3. Callebut, Werner. Taking the Naturalistic Turn, or How Real Philosophy of Science is Done. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
  4. Feyerabend, P. Farewell to Reason.
  5. Hacking, Ian. Representing and Intervening. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
  6. Hacking, Ian. The Social Construction of What? Harvard University Press, 2000.
  7. Harding, Sandra. Is Science Multicultural? Indiana, 1998.
  8. Harding, Sandra. Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Cornell, 1991.
  9. Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology. In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays. HarperCollins, 1982.
  10. Hesse, Mary. How to be Postmodern Without Being a Feminist. The Monist 77(4): 445-61, 1994.
  11. Hollis, M., and S. Lukes (eds), Rationality and Relativism. Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 1982. The rationale for including this volume is the extremely important essay by Barry Barnes and David Bloor, "Relativism, Rationalism and the Sociology of Knowledge." This is not as well-known as it should be. It is here that Barnes and Bloor define relativism as "disinterested science."
  12. Hooker, Clifford. A Realistic Theory of Science. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1987.
  13. Hull, David. Science as a Process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. Introduction.
  14. Kourany, Janet. Scientific Knowledge: Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Science. Belmont, Cal., Wadsworth Publishing Co, 1987. [for background only, as needed]
  15. Kuhn, T.S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
  16. Lakatos, I., and A. Musgrave (eds). Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. London: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
  17. Laudan, Larry. Science and Relativism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990. [skim]
  18. Longino, H. In Search of Feminist Epistemologies. Monist 77(4): 472-84, 1994.
  19. Longino, Helen E. 1990. Science as social knowledge. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  20. Longino, Helen E. 2001. The fate of knowledge. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  21. Midgley, Mary. Science as Salvation: A Modern Myth and its Meaning. London: Routledge, 1992.
  22. Nietzsche, F.W. On the Genealogy of Morals. Vintage, 1989.
  23. Restivo, S. 1983. "The Myth of the Kuhniam Revolution." In Randall Collins (ed.) Sociological Theory 1983. San Francisco: Jossy-Bass.
  24. Rorty, Richard. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.
  25. Smith, Barbara Herrnstein, and Arkady Plotnitsky (eds.) Mathematics, Science and Postclassical Theory. Durham: Duke University Press, 1997
  26. Weber, Samuel. "Upsetting the Setup: Remarks on Heidegger's 'Questing After Technics.' In Mass Mediauras: Form Technics Media, pp. 55-75. Stanford University Press, 1996.

Anthropology of Science

  1. Downey, Gary, and Joseph Dumit. 1997 Cyborgs and Citadels: Anthropological Interventions in Emerging Sciences and Technologies. Santa Fe, N.M.: School of American Research Press.
  2. Dumit, Joseph. 2004 Picturing Personhood: Brain Scans and Biomedical Identity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  3. Eglash, R. African Fractals: modern computing and indigenous design. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press 1999.
  4. Fischer, Michael M.J. 2003 Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
  5. Franklin, Sarah, and Margaret Lock. 2003 Remaking Life and Death: Toward an Anthropology of the Biosciences. Santa Fe, N.M.: School of American Research Press.
  6. Hayden, Cori. When Nature Goes Public. Princeton U Press.
  7. Helmreich, Stefan. Alien Ocean: An Anthropology of Marine Biology and the Limits of Life.
  8. Lanzelius, Kyra, and Joe Dumit, eds. 2006 Patient Organization Movements. Social Science and Medicine 62(3): 529-572.
  9. Layne, Linda ed. Special issue of ST HV 1998 23(1) on Anthropological Approaches in STS. Introduction and articles by Martin, Rapp, Heath.
  10. Martin, Emily The Woman in the Body. Beacon.
  11. Petryna, Adriana. 2002 Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  12. Strathern, Marilyn. 1992 Reproducing the Future: Anthropology, Kinship, and the New Reproductive Technologies. New York: Routledge
  13. Taussig, Karen-Sue, Rayna Rapp, and Deborah Heath. 2003 Flexible Genetics: Technologies of the Self in the Age of Genetics. In Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science Beyond the Two Culture Divide, Alan Goodman, Deborah Heath, and M. Susan Lindee, eds. Pp. 58-76. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  14. Reid, R. and Traweek, S. Doing Science + Culture. New York: Routledge 2000.
  15. Traweek, Sharon. Beamtimes and Lifetimes.

Cultural Studies, Language, and Rhetoric

  1. Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of 'Sex'. Routledge, 1993.
  2. Clifford, James, and George E. Marcus (eds.). Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. University of California Press, 1986.
  3. Crary, Jonathan and Sanford Kwinter, eds., Incorporations. Zone Books, 1992
  4. Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. 1987. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia vol. 2. University of Minnesota Press.
  5. Derrida, Jacques. Limited Inc. Northwestern University Press, 1988.
  6. Doyle, Richard. On Beyond Living: Rhetorical Transformations of the Life Sciences. Stanford University Press, 1997.
  7. Fortun, Mike, and Herbert J. Bernstein. Muddling Through: Pursuing Science and Truths In the 21st Century, Counterpoint Press, 1998.
  8. Lenoir, Timothy, ed 1998 Inscribing Science: Scientific Texts and the Materiality of Communication. Stanford.
  9. Montgomery, Scott L. 1996 The Scientific Voice. Guildford.
  10. Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg. Toward a History of Epistemic Things: Synthesizing Proteins in the Test Tube. Stanford University Press, 1997
  11. Rotman, Brian. 2000. Mathematics as Sign: Writing, Imagining, Counting. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  12. Stengers, Isabelle. Power and Invention: Situating Science. University of Minnesota Press, 2000.
  13. Stengers, Isabelle. The Invention of Modern Science. University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Biopower/Life Sciences

  1. Foucault, Michel. The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. Pantheon, 1972
  2. Foucault, Michel. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977. Pantheon, 1980.
  3. Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality: An Introduction (v. 1). Vintage, 1990.
  4. Fujimura, Joan. 1997. Crafting Science: A Sociohistory of the Quest for the Genetics of Cancer. Harvard University Press.
  5. Clarke, Adele E., and Joan H. Fujimura. 1992. The Right Tools for the Job: At Work in Twentieth Century Life Sciences. Princeton University Press.
  6. Grosz, Elizabeth. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Indiana University Press, 1994.
  7. Katz-Rothman, Barbara Genetic Maps.
  8. Keller, Evelyn Fox. 1995. Refiguring Life: Metaphors of Twentieth-Century Biology. New York: Columbia University Press.
  9. Keller, Evelyn Fox. 2000. The Century of the Gene. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  10. Kohler, Robert. 1994. Lords of the Fly: Drosophila Genetics and the Experimental Life. University of Chicago Press.
  11. Lock, Margaret, and Judtih Farquhar. Beyond the Body Proper. Duke U Press.
  12. Rabinow, Paul. 2000. French DNA: Life in Purgatory. University of Chicago Press.
  13. Rabinow, Paul. 1996. Making PCR: A Story of Biotechnology. University of Chicago Press.
  14. Rose, Nikolas. 2007. Politics of Life Itself. Princeton University Press.
  15. Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. 1993. "More on Power/Knowledge." In Outside in the Teaching Machine, pp. 25-51. New York and London: Routledge.

Sciences of the Artificial and Changing Subjectivities

  1. Daston, Lorraine, ed. 2008. Things that talk: Object lessons from art and science. New York: Zone Books.
  2. Forsythe, Diana. 2001. Studying those who study us. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
  3. Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Became Post-Human. University of Chicago Press, 1999.
  4. Suchman, Lucy. 2008. "Feminist STS and the sciences of the artificial." in The handbook of science and technology studies, edited by Edward J. Hackett, Olga Ansterdamska, Michael Lynch and Judy Wajcman. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  5. Wilson, E.A. Neural Geographies. New York: Routledge 1998.


(These items are not part of the science reading list materials, but may be helpful.)

  1. Abelson, Robert. 1995. Statistics as principled argument. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  2. Clarke, Adele. 2005. Situational analysis: Grounded theory after the postmodern turn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  3. Corbin, Juliet M., Strauss, Anselm. 2008. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  4. Miles, Matthew B., Huberman, A. Michael. 1994. Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  5. Silverman, David. 2006. Interpreting qualitative data: Methods for analyzing talk, text, and interaction Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.